Articole de la același autor Dr. habil. Sebastian BODU, MBA

Avocat, Universitatea „Titu Maiorescu”, Facultatea de Drept
Drepturile asociatului minoritar într-o societate cu răspundere limitată
Numărul 6 Anul 2023
As mixed companies, limited liability partnerships were designed to operate on the principle of unanimity in adopting decisions in the general assembly of partners.It gave the minority partner the right of veto, that means the right to oppose any major decisions, subsumed under the broad concept of „amendments of the articles of association”. This principle was abandoned first in fact, through the practice of the trade registry and then ...
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Prevenirea și combaterea spălării banilor și procedura de cunoaștere a clientelei bancare
Numărul 5 Anul 2023
The study presents the actions of prevention and fighting against money laundering carried out primarily by financial institutions. Money laundering includes those financial operations by which sums of money obtained from crimes are given the appearance of legality of source. The crime of money laundering has an autonomous character compared to the predicate crime, not being conditioned by the pronouncement of a conviction for this crime. An ...
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Modificări ale Legii societăţilor nr. 31/1990 în materia vărsămintelor parţiale. Comentarii asupra articolului 91, așa cum a fost modificat și completat prin Legea nr. 265/2022
Numărul 6 Anul 2022
The Companies Law no. 31/1990 was amended by Law nr. 265/2022. The main object of Law no. 265/2022 is a new regulation of the activity of the trade registry, repealing the previous law, no. 26/1990. In addition to the register activity, Law nr. 265/2022 brings important changes to the corporate legislation. One of these changes is the possibility for the members of a limited liability firm to pay in instalments the shares subscribed when the f...
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Arbitrabilitatea litigiilor în materia societăţilor comerciale. Aspecte corelative de drept material și procesual
Numărul 4 Anul 2022
The arbitrability of the corporate litigations is, in principle, possible, especially after passing the new Civil Procedure Code (Article 542), which eliminated the condition of the pecuniary nature of the dispute. Norm of Article 63 of Companies Law no. 31/1990 does not establish an exclusive competence of the courts of law but a material and territorial one within their general competence. In addition, Article 132 paragraph (2) and following ...
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Răspunderea vânzătorului unui pachet majoritar de acţiuni pentru „viciile” societăţii vândute
Numărul 3 Anul 2022
Although they are intangible assets, the shares of a company bear defects (hidden). The seller of a stock is responsible for the value of the issuing company when, after the sale, it is reduced as a result of events prior to sale that the buyer could not find out of the public registers (financial statements, registers, etc.) or after performing a due diligence. This is the correct legal qualification, not the eviction, not the vices of consen...
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Excluderea asociaţilor din perspectiva Deciziei nr. 28/2021 pronunţate de Înalta Curte de Casaţie și Justiţie – Completul pentru dezlegarea unor chestiuni de drept în materie civilă
Numărul 6 Anul 2021
Exclusion is a measure specific to intuitu personae companies. The legal enumeration can be extended through by-laws, as established by the High Court of Cassation and Justice – Panel for resolving legal issues in civil matters, by Decision no. 28/2021. Prior to this decision, the doctrine was divided, a large part considering that the enumeration is limiting. However, the shareholders cannot eliminate, through the by-laws, one or mo...
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Forma proiectului de fuziune sau divizare
Numărul 6 Anul 2020
Practice and much of the doctrine present the document of merger or division as an authenticated one, which is a mistake. Firstly, the document is not the decision of the general assembly, and this, as negotium juris, is not a legal act but a sui generis act. Secondly, the document is the plan of merger or division, which is then subject to approval by the general assembly or assemblies. Unfortunately, the mistake is based on...
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Preluarea ostilă
Numărul 1 Anul 2020
Hostile takeover is the takeover public offer made despite the opposition of the management of a company. The reasons for the hostility are, in general, the fear of the management of the target company that will be replaced after taking over.The hostility is expressed, formally, by recommending the management of thetarget company made to its shareholders to accept or not the takeover offer of the acquirer. The best solution to avoi...
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Modificarea actului constitutiv al societății comerciale
Numărul 4 Anul 2019
Alteration of a company’s the charter can be implicit or explicit. When the alteration is explicit, it refers to the functioning of the company, to clauses that regulate the corporate life. Only in this case must the legal provisions regarding the alteration of the charter be respected, starting with the quorum and majority conditions of the general meeting, passing through the transparency procedure of the amending text, in order to inform t...
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Organul administrativ și reprezentarea legală a societății comerciale
Numărul 6 Anul 2017
The bodies of the company are internal parts of the legal person through which it expresses its social will. The distinction between a legal entity and its organs can only be seen from within. Persons designated as members of a corporate body must be registered for advertising purposes. The legal representation of the legal person is the rule, unlike the legal representation of the natural person, where the exception is. The legal representati...
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